In the United States, the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 made it illegal for every employer to deny trade union rights to a worker. The issue of unionization of government employees in a public sector union was much more controversial until the 1950s. In 1962, President John F. Kennedy passed an executive order granting federal employees the right to form unions. A form of union recognition inspired in the United Kingdom by the EETPU electricians` union (now part of Unite) in the 1980s. Agreements on one or more unions are also referred to as “new style agreements” and “no strikes” and include the granting of recognition to a single union in return for guarantees to avoid conflict and promote cooperation between management and workers in the workplace. These agreements generally include a package of measures that include, on the one hand, the support of employers to the union and the allocation of facilities to their representatives, as well as the requirement for training, participation and uniform status for workers. On the other hand, it can accept the union, flexible work, binding arbitrations to settle labour disputes and representation by an enterprise committee that cannot rely on union representatives and which has only an advisory or advisory function. Union agreements have been seen by some as the basis for rebuilding British labour relations on a more cooperative basis, and recent partnerships between employment services include many of their elements. However, they have been controversial within the trade union movement, not least because trade union agreements have been offered by employers through competitive “beauty contests” and, in a number of cases, agreements have led to the demise of rival unions. This controversy led, in the late 1980s, to the expulsion of the TUC electricians` union.
Agreements on unitary trade unions have not been widespread and are above all a feature of the production sites in the green grasslands developed by investors developed on the national territory. Outstanding examples are available at Nissan, Toshiba, Sony, Panasonic and Pirelli General in South Wales.